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Ηγεμόνες Ώρειας

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Ηγεμόνες Ωρείας

Sumerian Rulers

Rulers of Ur, Ηγεμόνες της Ούρ, Ηγεμόνες της Ουρ


Rulers-Sumerian-01-goog.gif

Σουμεριακή Εποχή Ηγεμόνες Σουμεριακής Εποχής

Σουμερία (Sumer) Ηγεμόνες Σουμερίας
Ώρεια (Ur) Ηγεμόνες Ώρειας

Ακκαδία (Akkad) Ηγεμόνες Ακκαδίας
Ελυμαΐς (Elam) Ηγεμόνες Ελυμαΐδας

Κίσεια (Kish) Ηγεμόνες Κίσειας
Αδάβεια (Adab) Ηγεμόνες Αδάβειας
Ωρύγεια (Uruk) Ηγεμόνες Ωρύγειας
Αξάγεια (Akshak) Ηγεμόνες Αξάγειας
Λαγάσεια (Lagash) Ηγεμόνες Λαγάσειας
Ώμμεια (Umma) Ηγεμόνες Ώμμειας

Λάρισα (Larsa) Ηγεμόνες Λάρισας
Ισίνεια (Isin) Ηγεμόνες Ισίνειας
Εσνύννεια (Esnunna) Ηγεμόνες Εσνύννειας
Μάρεια (Mari) Ηγεμόνες Μάρειας

Ασσυρία Ηγεμόνες Ασσυρίας
Βαβυλωνία Ηγεμόνες Βαβυλωνίας
Μιταννία (Mitanni) Ηγεμόνες Μιταννίας
Ουραρτία (Urartu) Ηγεμόνες Ουραρτίας
Χετταϊκή Αυτοκρατορία (Hatti) Ηγεμόνες Χετταϊκής Αυτοκρατορίας
Αιγυπτιακή Αυτοκρατορία (Egypt) Ηγεμόνες Αιγυπτιακής Αυτοκρατορίας

Αμορραίοι Αραμαίοι Χαναναίοι

- Ηγεμόνες Ώρειας

Δυναστεία 0ηEdit

(2530 - 2490)

Δυναστεία 1ηEdit

  • Messanipadids (Μεσσανιπαδίδες) (2490 - 2425)
  • Μεσαννιπάδης (Mes-anna-padda) (2490 - 2470 π.Χ.)

son of Mes-kalam-dug

He overthrew Uruk and defeated Μέσιλμο (Mes-ilim) of Kish, ending his overlordship.

Finally, he conquered Kish and Nippur.

son of Mesannepadda. Ίσως ήταν αυτός επί της βασιλείας του οποίου αυτονομήθηκε η Λαγάσεια (Lagash) (υπό τον Ωρονάση (Ur-Nanshe)).
son of A-anna-padda
He was defeated by the Elymaian state of Awan
Η μεγάλη εισβολή των Ελυμαίων της Αβάνειας που μάλλον ακολούθησε τον θάνατο του βασιλέα της Αδάβειας έθεσε τέλος και στην βασιλεία του.

Δυναστεία 2ηEdit

Κακίδες (Kakids) c.2420 - c.2390 Kings (Βασιλείς)

Φαίνεται ότι ηγεμόνευσε στην Ώρεια την περίοδο που η άλλη Σουμερία ήταν υπό την Ελυμαϊκή κυριαρχία της Αβάνειας

Δυναστεία 3ηEdit

Ωροναμμίδες (Uronammids) 2112 - 2004 Great Kings (Μεγάλοι Βασιλείς)

He was appointed military governor of Ur by Utuhengal. Upon the death of the king of Uruk, Ur-Nammu declared himself King of Ur, seized Uruk, and attacked and killed Namhani, the traitor of Lagash. He ruled all of Sumer and much of Assyria and Elam. Syria, including Ebla, paid tribute and may well have been part of the Empire. Even Phoenician Byblos was forced to pay. Thus we can divide the empire into two sections. The first was the Empire proper: he ruled Mesopotamia outright and imposed the State's will over all the cities. The second section could be called the dependencies or tributaries: The foreign lands who were forced, either by military conquest or threat to send tribute to the Ur III State. He called himself the "King of Ur, King of Sumer and Akkad". He initiated many building programs and promoted the Sumerian "way of life". Ur-Nammu "freed the land from thieves, robbers, and rebels", restoring order and peace. He re-fortified the towns of Sumer against any future unrest. It was long thought that he wrote the oldest known law code, but many scholars now think that his son Shulgi actually did. He died fighting the Gutians, who continued to remain a problem.
son of Ur-Nammu
He ushered in a period of prosperity. Scholars now think that it was him, and not his father, who published the oldest known law code.

He completed Ur-Nammu's building projects and re-organized the administration of the kingdom. The Empire remained largely intact, with the Ensi's becoming provincial governors but with no military power. The local garrison's were put under the control of royally appointed military commanders so as to lessen the chances of revolt. He had considerable trouble pacifying the Assyrian territories, which called for yearly campaigns beginning in the 24th year of his reign. He finally succeeded in turning the northern area, with its Hurrian, Subartian, and Assyrian populations into a province in 2051 after twenty years of war. He also led punitive campaigns against the Amorites. The Gutians overran Elam, causing a greater state of anarchy there than had previously existed in Sumer. He wed his daughters to the rulers of Warshe and Anshan and then invaded, occupied Susa, and installed a Sumerian governor. He later had to put down a revolt in Anshan. Elamites were recruited into a "Foreign Legion"-type army. In c.2055, he lead an army into Palestine to punish the locals for not sending tribute. He may have tried to emulate Naram-Sin, for he took the title of "King of the Four Quarters" and had himself deified. He was a great patron of everything Sumerian, even though he married a Semite, Abisimti. She was to remain as dowager under her sons. Shulgi had more than 50 children

son of Shulgi
He waged numerous campaigns against the Amorites.

His time was divided between building projects and wars in Assyria against the Hurrians. He may have lost the Syrian and Elamite tributaries. He had himself deified and called the "God who gives life to the Country" and the "Sun-God [i.e. judge] of the Land". He died of an infection, which is ironic, since illness was seen as a sign of the displeasure of the gods.

son of Shulgi, bhr of Amar-Sin
He also had himself deified.

More wars were fought with the Amorites. He lost Assyria and erected a huge wall between the Tigris and the Euphrates a little north of Babylon in order to help contain the Amorites. The wall was 270 km long and breached the banks of both rivers. He also campaigned in the Zagros and defeated a coalition of Iranian tribes. He had extensive trade relations with the Indus Valley civilization.

son of Shu-Sin, The last king of Ur.
New attacks by Elamites and Amorites forced the erection of new walls around Ur and Nippur.

His situation was insecure and even pathetic throughout much of his reign. The realm began to disintegrate almost immediately. Much of the time he was confined to Ur itself. Eshnunna broke away in 2028 and Elam the next year. The Ensis of most of his cities deserted him and fended for themselves against the Amorites who were ravaging Sumer. He put a servant, Ishbi-Erra, in charge of Nippur and Isin. Ishbi-Erra in turn extended his sway along the rivers from Hamazi to the Persian Gulf. He took prisoner Ibbi- Sin's Ensis and installed his own. He did all of this while Ibbi-Sin was still on the throne. Severe famine and economic collapse ensued. Finally the Elamites sacked Ur, taking him prisoner, and ending the Empire. He died in Elam.

  • Οι Γυταίοι καταλαμβάνουν την Ούρ και καταλύουν την αυτοκρατορία της (2004).

ΥποσημειώσειςEdit

Εσωτερική ΑρθρογραφίαEdit

ΒιβλιογραφίαEdit

ΙστογραφίαEdit


Ikl.jpg Κίνδυνοι ΧρήσηςIkl.jpg

Αν και θα βρείτε εξακριβωμένες πληροφορίες
σε αυτήν την εγκυκλοπαίδεια
ωστόσο, παρακαλούμε να λάβετε σοβαρά υπ' όψη ότι
η "Sciencepedia" δεν μπορεί να εγγυηθεί, από καμιά άποψη,
την εγκυρότητα των πληροφοριών που περιλαμβάνει.

"Οι πληροφορίες αυτές μπορεί πρόσφατα
να έχουν αλλοιωθεί, βανδαλισθεί ή μεταβληθεί από κάποιο άτομο,
η άποψη του οποίου δεν συνάδει με το "επίπεδο γνώσης"
του ιδιαίτερου γνωστικού τομέα που σας ενδιαφέρει."

Πρέπει να λάβετε υπ' όψη ότι
όλα τα άρθρα μπορεί να είναι ακριβή, γενικώς,
και για μακρά χρονική περίοδο,
αλλά να υποστούν κάποιο βανδαλισμό ή ακατάλληλη επεξεργασία,
ελάχιστο χρονικό διάστημα, πριν τα δείτε.



Επίσης,
Οι διάφοροι "Εξωτερικοί Σύνδεσμοι (Links)"
(όχι μόνον, της Sciencepedia
αλλά και κάθε διαδικτυακού ιστότοπου (ή αλλιώς site)),
αν και άκρως απαραίτητοι,
είναι αδύνατον να ελεγχθούν
(λόγω της ρευστής φύσης του Web),
και επομένως είναι ενδεχόμενο να οδηγήσουν
σε παραπλανητικό, κακόβουλο ή άσεμνο περιεχόμενο.
Ο αναγνώστης πρέπει να είναι
εξαιρετικά προσεκτικός όταν τους χρησιμοποιεί.

- Μην κάνετε χρήση του περιεχομένου της παρούσας εγκυκλοπαίδειας
αν διαφωνείτε με όσα αναγράφονται σε αυτήν

IonnKorr-System-00-goog.png



>>Διαμαρτυρία προς την wikia<<

- Όχι, στις διαφημίσεις που περιέχουν απαράδεκτο περιεχόμενο (άσεμνες εικόνες, ροζ αγγελίες κλπ.)


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