- Μερμνάδες, βασιλείς, c.700 - 546
- Gyges, Γύγης, 687 - 652
- Ardys, son of Gyges, Άρδυς, 652-621
- Sadyattes, son of Ardys, Σαδυάττης, 621 - 610
- Alyattes, son of Sadyattes, Αλυάττης, 610 - 560
- Croesus, son of Alyattes, Κροίσος, 560 - 546
- Κατάκτηση Λυδίας από τους Πέρσες (υπό τον Κύρο Β’) (546).
This page lists the kings of Lydia, an ancient kingdom in western Anatolia. The Greeks of Homer’s time knew Lydia as Maeonia, which was probably an earlier name for the country. Three dynasties are mentioned by the ancient sources; the first is wholly mythical, the second begins in myth but emerges into the light of historical record, and the third is real. The earliest of these is contemporary with the rebellious governor Madduwattas of Zippasla and his successor Tarkhundaradu, mentioned in Hittite records; but any identification between them is speculation.
Ηγεμόνες Αρσαβίας ( = Δαρδανίας?)Edit
Kings of Arzawa in the 14th century
- Madduwatta ( ?= Ιοβάτης) of Zippasla (conquered Arzawa, may or may not have been king of Arzawa)
- Tarhundaradu (tarhunda-radu)
- Anzapahhadu (Anzapah-hadu) ( ?= Σαρπηδών)
- Uhhazidi (Uhha-Ziti) ( ?= Βελλεροφόντης) defeated by Mursili II around 1320 BCE
Herodotus gives the eponymous Manes as the first king of Maeonia, with a son named Atys (Atyllus). Other sources, such as Strabo, name Tmolus and his son Tantalus as kings of the region at the same time, ruling from Sipylus. Since Omphale is a member of both these families, it is conjectured that they are identical.
- Μάνης (Manes) (ή Tmolus) (gored to death by a bull)
- Ομφάλη (Omphale) (widow of Tmolus, after whom she reigned)
- Άτυς (Atys) (ή Τάνταλος (Tantalus)) (son of Zeus and Plouto, stepson of Tmolus, offered up his son Pelops in a feast for the gods)
- Λυδός (Lydus) (ή Βροτεύς (Broteas)) (son of Tantalus and Dione, went mad and threw himself into a fire)
- (Τάνταλος ο Νεότερος (Tantalus son of Broteas) (son of Broteas, married Clytemnestra but never reigned in Lydia)
Heraclid Kings of Lydia (Traditional List) Tantalus (fl. c.1300 BC)
Molonis Cotys Atys Lydus Aciasmus Ermonus Alcimus Camblytus Tmolus Theoclymenus Marsyas Iardanus Omphale (see for discussion of some of these names) Philomenus
Usurping the throne, this semi-legendary dynasty, which established its capital at Sardis, comprised 22 kings reigning for 505 years, according to Herodotus. They were descended from a liaison between Omphale and the mythical hero Heracles (known as Tylon to the Lydians). The kingdom came to be called Lydia after the last king of the previous dynasty.
- Άργων (Agron) 1221-? BC (son of Ninus, son of Belus, son of Alcaeus, son of Heracles and Omphale)
- (17 kings, names unknown, all succeeding father to son)
- Άλυς Α (Ardys I) (Ardysus I) 795-759 BC (son of predecessor)
- Αλυάττης Α' (Alyattes I) 759-745 BC (son of Ardys I)
- Μήλης (Meles) (Myrsus) 745-733 BC (son of Alyattes I)
- Κανδαύλης (Candaules) (Myrsilus) 733-716 BC (son of Meles, murdered by Gyges)
Although fully historical, the dates for this dynasty have never been determined with certainty. The traditional dates are derived from Herodotus, who gives reign-lengths for each king; but these have been questioned by modern scholars on the basis of synchronisms with Assyrian history.
- Γύγης (Gyges) (687 - 652) (husband of Candaules's widow)
- Άρδυς Β' (Ardys II) (Ardysus II) (652 - 621) (son of Gyges)
- Σαδυάττης B' (Sadyattes) (621 - 610) (son of Ardys II)
- Αλυάττης Β' (Alyattes II) (610 - 560) (son of Sadyattes)
- Κροίσος (Croesus) (560 - 546) (son of Alyattes II)
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