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Ηγεμόνες Ρωμαϊκής Αυτοκρατορίας

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Ηγεμόνες Ρωμαϊκής Αυτοκρατορίας

Roman Emperors


Rulers-Roman-Emperor-goog.jpg

Ρωμαϊκή Εποχή
Ηγεμόνες Ρωμαϊκής Εποχής
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Ρωμαϊκή Αυτοκρατορία
Ηγεμόνες Ρωμαϊκής Αυτοκρατορίας
Στρατιωτικοί Ρωμαϊκής Αυτοκρατορίας
---
Ιούλιοι
Φλάβιοι
Αντωνίνοι
Σεβήροι
Ιλλυριοί
Κωνσταντινίδες
Βαλεντινίδες
Θεοδοσίδες
---
Ρώμη
Ηγεμόνες Ρώμης
Στρατιωτικοί Ρώμης
---
Ρωμαϊκή Γαλατία
Ηγεμόνες Ρωμαϊκής Γαλατίας
---
Δυτική Ρωμαϊκή Αυτοκρατορία
Ηγεμόνες Δυτικής Ρωμαϊκής Αυτοκρατορίας
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Βυζαντινή Αυτοκρατορία
Ηγεμόνες Βυζαντινής Αυτοκρατορίας
---
Παρθική Αυτοκρατορία
Ηγεμόνες Παρθικής Αυτοκρατορίας
---
Περσική Αυτοκρατορία
Ηγεμόνες Περσικής Αυτοκρατορίας

Ακολουθεί κατάλογος Ηγεμόνων κατά δυναστείες.

Δυναστεία 1ηEdit

Iulii - Claudii Ιούλιοι - Κλαύδιοι)

Imperators (Αυτοκράτορες) (4 BC - 68 AD)


  • Octavianus (Cajus Iulius Octavianus), ason of Caesar, Οκταβιανός o Αύγουστος, 4BC - 14AD
  • Tiberius, (Tiberius Claudius Neron), son of T. Claudius Neron, ason of Octavianus, Τιβέριος , 14 - 37
  • Neron (Lucius Domitius Neron), son of Agrippina, (wif of Claudius), Νέρων , 54 - 68


Δυναστεία 2ηEdit

Variants (Διάφοροι)

Imperators (Αυτοκράτορες) (68 - 69)

  • Galbas, (Servius Sulpicius Galbas), son of ?, Γάλβας , 68 - 69
  • Othon, (Marcus Sulvius Othon), son of ?, Όθων , 69


Δυναστεία 3ηEdit

Flavii Φλάβιοι

Imperators (Αυτοκράτορες) (69 - 96)

  • Titus, (Titus Flavius Vespacianus), son of Vespacianus, Τίτος, 79 - 81


Δυναστεία 4ηEdit

Antonini Αντωνίνοι

Imperators (Αυτοκράτορες) (96 - 192)

  • Nervas, (Marcus Cocceius Nervas), son of ?, Νέρβας, 96 - 79
  • Antoninus, (Titus Aurelius Antoninus), son of ?, Αντωνίνος, ο Ευσεβής, 138 - 161
  • Verus (Lucius Aurelius Verus), son of ?, Βήρος, 161 - 169
  • Commodus, (Lucius Aelius Commodus), son of Aurelius, Κόμμοδος, 180 -192


Δυναστεία 5ηEdit

Variants (Διάφοροι)

Imperators (Αυτοκράτορες) (193 - 194)

  • Didius, (Marcus Didius Iulianus), son of ?, Δίδιος, 193 - 194


Δυναστεία 6ηEdit

Severi Σεβήροι

Imperators (Αυτοκράτορες) (193 - 235)


  • Severus I, (Lucius Septimius Severus), son of ?, Σεβήρος Α' Σεπτίμιος, 193 - 211
  • Niger, (Cajus Pescennius Niger), son of?, Νίγηρ, 193 - 194
  • Getas, (Publius Septimius Getas), son of Severus I, Γέτας, 211 - 212
  • Severus II, (Marcus Aurelius Severus), son of ?, Σεβήρος Β' Αλέξανδρος, 222 - 235


Δυναστεία 7ηEdit

Variants (Διάφοροι)

Imperators (Αυτοκράτορες) (235 - 270)

  • Philippus, (Marcus Iulius Philippus), son of?, Φίλιππος, ο Άραψ, 244 - 249
  • Decius, (Cajus Messius Decius), Δέκιος, ο *Ιλλυριός, 249 - 251
  • Claudius II, (Marcus Aurelius Claudius), son of ?, Κλαύδιος Β' ο Ιλλυριός, ο Γοτθικός, 268 - 270
  • Quintillus, (Marcus Aurelius Quintillus), son of ?, btr of Claudius II, Κοϊντίλος, 270 (some days)

Δυναστεία 8ηEdit

Illyrii, Ιλλυριοί

Imperators (Αυτοκράτορες) (270 - 305)


  • Probus, (Marcus Aurelius Probus), son of ?, Πρόβος, 276 - 282
  • Carus, (Marcus Aurelius), son of ?, Κάρος, ο Ιλλυριός, 282 - 284

Tetrarchy and Constantinian dynastyEdit

Λατινικό Όνομα Γέννηση Βασιλεία Διαδοχή Ελληνικό Όνομα Θάνατος
Diocletian
CAESAR GAIVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS DIOCLETIANVS AVGVSTVS
c. 22 December 244 AD, Dioclea, Dalmatia 20 November 284 AD - 1 May 305 AD Proclaimed emperor by army after death of Numerian, and in opposition to Carinus; adopted Maximian as senior co-emperor in 286 AD Διοκλητιανός 3 Decemeber 311 AD
Abdicated; died of natural causes
Maximian
CAESAR GAIVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS AVGVSTVS
c. 250 AD, near Sirmium, Pannonia 1 April 286 AD - 1 May 305 AD Adopted as senior co-emperor ('Augustus') in the west by Diocletian in 286 AD Μαξιμιανός 310 AD
Abdicated with Diocletian; twice tried to regain throne with, and then from Maxentius; captured by Constantine I and commited suicide at his behest
Constantius I Chlorus
CAESAR GAIVS FLAVIVS VALERIVS CONSTANTIVS AVGVSTVS
31 March c. 250 AD, Dardania, Moesia 1 May 305 AD - 25 July 306 AD Adopted as junior co-emperor ('Caesar') and heir by Maximian in 293 AD Κωνστάντιος Α' ο Χλωρός 310 AD
Natural causes
Galerius
CAESAR GALERIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS AVGVSTVS
c. 260 AD, Felix Romuliana, Moesia Superior 1 May 305 AD - May 311 AD Adopted as junior co-emperor ('Caesar') and heir by Diocletian in 293 AD Γαλέριος 311 AD
Natural causes
Severus
FLAVIVS VALERIVS SEVERVS AVGVSTVS
 ? Summer 306 AD - March/ April 307 AD Adopted as junior co-emperor ('Caesar') and heir by Constantius Chlorus in 305 AD; succeeded as Augustus in 306; opposed by Maxentius and Constantine I Σεβήρος Γ' 16 September 307 AD
Captured by Maxentius and forced to commit suicide (or murdered)
Constantine I
CAESAR FLAVIVS CONSTANTINVS VALERIVS AVGVSTVS
27 February c. 272 AD, Naissus, Moesia Superior 25 July 306 AD - 22 May 337 AD Son of Constantius Chlorus, proclaimed emperor by his father's troops; accepted as Caesar (west) by Galerius in 306 AD; promoted to Augustus (west) in 307 AD by Maximian after death of Severus; refused relegation to Caesar in 309 AD Κωνσταντίνος Α' 22 May 337 AD
Natural Causes
Maxentius
MARCVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXENTIVS AVGVSTVS
c. 278 AD, ? 28 October 306 AD - 28 October 312 AD Son of Maximian, seized power in 306 after death of Constantius Chlorus, in opposition to Severus and Constantine I; made Caesar (west) by Maximian in 307 AD after the death of Severus Μαξέντιος 28 October 312 AD
Died at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, against Constantine I
Maximinus Daia
CAESAR GALERIVS VALERIVS MAXIMINVS AVGVSTVS
20 November c. 270 AD, Dacia Aureliana 1 May 311 AD - July/August 313 AD Nephew of Galerius, Adopted as Caesar and his heir in 305 AD; succeeded as Augustus (shared with Licinius) in 311 AD Μαξιμίνος July/August 313 AD
Defeated in civil war against Licinius; probably commited suicide thereafter
Licinius
CAESAR GAIVS VALERIVS LICINIVS AVGVSTVS

with
Valerius Valens
Martinianus
c. 250 AD, Felix Romuliana, Moesia Superior 11 November 308 AD - 18 September 324 AD Appointed Augustus in the west by Galerius in 308 BC, in opposition to Maxentius; Became Augustus in the east in 311 AD after the death of Galerius (shared with Maximinus); Defeated Maximinus in civil war to become sole eastern Augustus in 313 BC; Appointed Valerius Valens in 317 AD, and Martinianus in 324 AD as western Augustus, in opposition to Constantine, both nominally ruled for a few months before being executed Λικίνιος 325 AD
Defeated in civil war against Constantine I in 324 AD and captured; executed on the orders of Constantine the next year
Constantine II
CAESAR FLAVIVS CLAVDIVS CONSTANTINVS AVGVSTVS
316 AD, Arles 22 May 337 AD - 340 AD Son of Constantine I; appointed Caesar in 317 BC, succeeded as joint Augustus with his brothers Constantius II and Constans Κωνσταντίνος Β' 340 AD
Died in battle against Constans
Constantius II
CAESAR FLAVIVS IVLIVS CONSTANTIVS AVGVSTVS
7 August 317 AD, Sirmium, Pannonia 22 May 337 AD - 3 November 361 AD Son of Constantine I; succeeded as joint Augustus with his brothers Constantine II and Constans; sole emperor from 350 AD Κωνστάντιος Β' 340 AD
Natural Causes
Constans
CAESAR FLAVIVS IVLIVS CONSTANS AVGVSTVS
320 AD, ? 22 May 337 AD - 350 AD Son of Constantine I; succeeded as joint Augustus with his brothers Constantine II and Constantius II Κώνστας 350 AD
Assassinated on the orders of the usurper Magnentius
Julianus
CAESAR FLAVIVS CLAVDIVS IVLIANVS AVGVSTVS
331 AD/332 AD, Constantinople, Thracia February 360 AD - 26 June 363 AD Cousin of Constantius II; made Caesar of the west in 355 AD; Proclaimed Augustus by his troops in 360; Sole emperor after the death of Constantius Ιουλιανός 26 June 363 AD
Mortally wounded in battle
Jovian
CAESAR FLAVIVS IOVIANVS AVGVSTVS
331 AD, Singidunum, Moesia 26 June 363 AD - 17 February 364 AD General of Julian's army; proclaimed emperor by the troops on Julian's death Ιοβιανός 17 February 364 AD
Natural causes

ΒαλεντινίδεςEdit

Λατινικό Όνομα Γέννηση Βασιλεία Διαδοχή Ελληνικό Όνομα Θάνατος
Valentinian I
FLAVIVS VALENTINIANVS AVGVSTVS
321 AD, Cibalae, Pannonia 26 February 364 AD - 17 November 375 AD Elected to replace Jovian by the army Βαλεντινιανός Α' 17 November 375 AD
Natural causes
Valens
FLAVIVS IVLIVS VALENS AVGVSTVS
328 AD, Cibalae, Pannonia 28 March 364 AD - 9 August 378 AD Brother of Valentinian I, appointed co-augustus (for the east) by him Βάλης 9 August 378 AD
Killed in Battle of Adrianople against the Goths
Gratian
FLAVIVS GRATIANVS AVGVSTVS
April 18/May 23 359 AD, Sirmium, Pannonia 4 August 367 AD - 25 August 383 AD Son of Valentinian I, appointed 'junior' Augustus by him in 367, became 'senior' augustus (for the west) after Valentinian's death. Γρατιανός 25 August 383 AD
Murdered by rebellious army faction
Valentinian II
FLAVIVS VALENTINIANVS JVNIOR AVGVSTVS
371 AD, Milan, Italia 17 November 375 AD - 15 May392 AD Son of Valentinian I, proclaimed emperor by Pannonian army after Valentinian's death; accepted as co-Augustus for the west by Gratian Βαλεντινιανός Β' 15 May392 AD
Unclear; possibly murdered or commited suicide

ΘεοδοσίδεςEdit

Λατινικό Όνομα Γέννηση Βασιλεία Διαδοχή Ελληνικό Όνομα Θάνατος
Theodosius I
FLAVIVS THEODOSIVS AVGVSTVS
11 January 347 AD, Cauca, Hispania 1 January 379 AD - 17 January 395 AD Appointed as Augustus for the east by Gratian after the death of Valens; became sole 'senior' Augustus after death of Valentinian II Θεοδόσιος 17 January 395 AD
Natural causes
Honorius
FLAVIVS HONORIVS AVGVSTVS

WEST
9 September 384 AD, ? 23 January 393 AD - 15 August 423 AD Son of Theodosius I; Appointed as 'junior' Augustus for the west by Theodosius in 393 (after the death of Valentinian II); became 'senior' Augustus for the west after his father's death Ονώριος 15 August 423 AD
Natural causes
Constantius III
FLAVIVS CONSTANTIVS AVGVSTVS

WEST
 ?, Naissus, Moesia Superior 8 February 421 AD - 2 September 421 AD Married to Theodosius I's daughter Galla Placidia, elevated to co-Augustus for the west by Honorius Κωνστάντιος Γ' 2 September 421 AD
Natural causes
Joannes


WEST
 ? 27 August 423 AD - May 425 AD A senior civil servant under Honorius, proclaimed emperor by Castinus; initially undisputed Ιωάννης Σόλιδος 2 September 421 AD
Deafeated in battle by Theodosius II and Valentinian III, captured and executed
Valentinian III
FLAVIVS PLACIDIVS VALENTINIANVS AVGVSTVS

WEST
2 July 419 AD, Ravenna, Italia 23 October 424 AD - 16 March 455 AD Son of Constantius III, appointed Caesar for the west by Theodosius II after the death of Honorius, in opposition to the Joannes; became Augustus for the west after the defeat of Joannes Βαλεντιανιανός Γ' 16 March 455 AD
Assassinated, possibly at the behest of Petronius Maximus

The last emperors Edit

Λατινικό Όνομα Γέννηση Βασιλεία Διαδοχή Ελληνικό Όνομα Θάνατος
Petronius Maximus
FLAVIVS ANICIVS PETRONIVS MAXIMVS AVGVSTVS
c. 396 AD, ? 17 March 455 AD - 31 May 455 AD Proclaimed himself emperor with the support of the army, after the death of Valentinian III Πετρώνιος Μάξιμος 31 May 455 AD
Murdered, probably stoned to death by the Roman mob
Avitus
EPARCHIVS AVITVS AVGVSTVS
c. 385 AD, ? 9 July 455 AD - 17 October 456 AD Magister militum under Petronius Maximus, proclaimed emperor by the Visigoth king Theoderic after Petronius's death Άβιτος after 17 October 456 AD
Deposed by his Magister militum, Ricimer; became bishop of Placentia; murdered at some point afterwards
Majorian
IVLIVS VALERIVS MAIORIANVS AVGVSTVS
November 420 AD, ? April 457 AD - 2 August 461 AD Appointed emperor by Ricimer Μαζοριανός 7 August 461 AD
Deposed by his troops (probably at the behest of Ricimer); died shortly afterwards in unclear circumstances
Libius Severus
LIBIVS SEVERVS AVGVSTVS
 ?, Lucania, Italia November 461 AD - August 465 AD Appointed emperor by Ricimer Λίβιος Σεβήρος August 465 AD
Probably assassinated by Ricimer
Anthemius
PROCOPIVS ANTHEMIVS AVGVSTVS
c. 420 AD 12 April 467 AD - 11 July 472 AD Appointed emperor by Ricimer, with the backing of the eastern emperor Leo I Ανθέμιος 11 July 472 AD
Executed by Ricimer
Olybrius
FLAVIVS ANICIVS OLYBRIVS AVGVSTVS
c. 420 AD 11 July 472 AD] - 2 November 472 AD Son-in-law of Valentinian III; appointed emperor by Ricimer Ολύβριος 2 November 472 AD
Natural causes
Glycerius  ? March 473 AD - June 474 AD Appointed emperor by Gundobad (Ricimer's successor) Γλυκέριος after 480 AD
Deposed by Julius Nepos, became Bishop of Salona, time and manner of death unknown
Julius Nepos c. 430 AD, ? June 474 AD - 28 August 475 AD (in Italy); - Spring 480 AD (in Gaul and Dalmatia) Nephew-in-law of the eastern emperor Leo I, appointed emperor in opposition to Glycerius Ιούλιος Νέπως 480 AD
Deposed in italy by Flavius Orestes, ruled in exile until assassination in 480
Romulus Augustus or Romulus Augustulus  ? 31 October 475 AD - 4 September 476 AD (in Italy) Appointed by his father, Flavius Orestes Ρωμύλος Αύγουστος after 480 AD
Deposed by Odoacer, who then ruled in the name of Julius Nepos until the latter's death, which formally ended the western empire; fate unknown

Εσωτερική ΑρθρογραφίαEdit


ΒιβλιογραφίαEdit

ΙστογραφίαEdit


Ikl.jpg Κίνδυνοι ΧρήσηςIkl.jpg

Αν και θα βρείτε εξακριβωμένες πληροφορίες
σε αυτήν την εγκυκλοπαίδεια
ωστόσο, παρακαλούμε να λάβετε σοβαρά υπ' όψη ότι
η "Sciencepedia" δεν μπορεί να εγγυηθεί, από καμιά άποψη,
την εγκυρότητα των πληροφοριών που περιλαμβάνει.

"Οι πληροφορίες αυτές μπορεί πρόσφατα
να έχουν αλλοιωθεί, βανδαλισθεί ή μεταβληθεί από κάποιο άτομο,
η άποψη του οποίου δεν συνάδει με το "επίπεδο γνώσης"
του ιδιαίτερου γνωστικού τομέα που σας ενδιαφέρει."

Πρέπει να λάβετε υπ' όψη ότι
όλα τα άρθρα μπορεί να είναι ακριβή, γενικώς,
και για μακρά χρονική περίοδο,
αλλά να υποστούν κάποιο βανδαλισμό ή ακατάλληλη επεξεργασία,
ελάχιστο χρονικό διάστημα, πριν τα δείτε.



Επίσης,
Οι διάφοροι "Εξωτερικοί Σύνδεσμοι (Links)"
(όχι μόνον, της Sciencepedia
αλλά και κάθε διαδικτυακού ιστότοπου (ή αλλιώς site)),
αν και άκρως απαραίτητοι,
είναι αδύνατον να ελεγχθούν
(λόγω της ρευστής φύσης του Web),
και επομένως είναι ενδεχόμενο να οδηγήσουν
σε παραπλανητικό, κακόβουλο ή άσεμνο περιεχόμενο.
Ο αναγνώστης πρέπει να είναι
εξαιρετικά προσεκτικός όταν τους χρησιμοποιεί.

- Μην κάνετε χρήση του περιεχομένου της παρούσας εγκυκλοπαίδειας
αν διαφωνείτε με όσα αναγράφονται σε αυτήν

IonnKorr-System-00-goog.png



>>Διαμαρτυρία προς την wikia<<

- Όχι, στις διαφημίσεις που περιέχουν απαράδεκτο περιεχόμενο (άσεμνες εικόνες, ροζ αγγελίες κλπ.)


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