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Ηγεμόνες Ρωσίας

Rulers of Russia


ΗγεμόνεςEdit

Δυναστεία 1ηEdit

Kiev

House of Olegids

(Οίκος : Ολεγίδες) Great Princes (Μεγάλοι Ηγεμόνες) (882 - 1169 )


  • Olga, dgt of, wif of Igorus, Όλγα, 945 - 961
Διαμοιρασμός του κράτους στους τρείς υιούς του (972 ) με την πρωτοκαθεδρία του Jaropolkus I


Διαμοιρασμός του κράτους στους επτά υιούς του (1015)



Ενοποίησε το κράτος μετά τον θάνατο και του τελαιταίου αδελφού του

(1036)


Διαμοιρασμός (1054) του κράτους στους τρείς υιούς του με την πρωτοκαθεδρία του Iziaslavus I





Δυναστεία 2ηEdit

Vladimer House of Olegids (Οίκος : Ολεγίδες) Great Princes (Μεγάλοι Ηγεμόνες) (1169 - 1328)





Δυναστεία 3ηEdit

Moscha House of Olegids

(Οίκος : Ολεγίδες), Great Princes (Μεγάλοι Ηγεμόνες), ( 1328 - 1495)


cont.



Δυναστεία 4ηEdit

House of Olegids

(Οίκος : Ολεγίδες) Imperators (Αυτοκράτορες) (1495 - 1606)



Δυναστεία 5ηEdit

Variants

(Διάφοροι) Imperators (Αυτοκράτορες) ( 1606 - 1612)





Δυναστεία 6ηEdit

House of Romanians, (Οίκος: Ρωμανοί), Imperators (Αυτοκράτορες), (1613 - 1762)



  • Anna, dgt2 of Joannes V, Άννα, 1730 - 1740
  • # Joannes VI, son of Antonius, of Brunsving

and Anna-Leopodvina, dgt1 of Aecaterine-Ivanova, Ιωάννης ΣΤ', 1740 - 1741




Δυναστεία 7ηEdit

House of Holstein - Romanians

(Οίκος: Ρωμανοί) Imperators (Αυτοκράτορες) (1762 - 1917)


  • # Petrus III, son of Carolus-Fredericus (of Holstein) and Anna, (dgt2 of Petrus I), Πέτρος Γ', 1762
  • # Aecaterine II, dgt of Χ, wif of Petrus III, Αικατερίνη Β', η *Γερμανίδα, η Μεγάλη, 1762 - 1796
  • Paulus, son of Petrus III and Aecaterine II, Παύλος, 1796 - 1801



By WikipediaEdit

At different times, a ruler in Kievan Rus'/Rus' principalities/Tsardom of Russia/Russian Empire bore the title of Kniaz (translated as Duke or Prince), Velikiy Kniaz (translated as Grand Duke, Grand Prince or Great Prince), Tsar, Emperor.


Grand Princes of Novgorod and Kiev (c. 860-1240)Edit

Grand Prince of Kiev (sometimes Grand Duke of Kiev) was the title of the Kievan prince and the ruler of Kievan Rus in the 9th–12th centuries.

Rurik (or Ryurik), a semi-legendary Scandinavian Varangian, was at the roots of Kievan Rus'.[1] He founded the Rurikovich dynasty that would rule Kievan Rus', Rus' principalities and early Russian Tsardom for the next 700 years. Rurik's capital was the northern city of Novgorod. His successor Oleg relocated the capital to Kiev (now the capital of Ukraine) at around 880, thus laying the foundation of what has become known as Kievan Rus'.[2]

While the early rulers of Rus' were Scandinavians, they gradually merged into the local Slavic population. Still, in the 11th century, Yaroslav, (called Jarisleif in Scandinavian chronicles) maintained the dynastic links, married a Swedish princess, and gave asylum to king Olaf II of Norway.

The movement of nobility also went in the opposite direction. According to Adam of Bremen, Anund Gårdske, a man from Kievan Rus' was elected king of Sweden, ca 1070. As he was a Christian, however, he refused to sacrifice to the Aesir at the Temple at Uppsala and he was deposed by popular vote.

The unity of Kievan Rus' gradually declined, and was all but gone by 1136. After that period Kievan Rus' shattered into a number of smaller states, southern of which contested for the throne of Kiev.

Kievan Rus' was finally destroyed by the Mongols in 1237,[3] but the Riurikovich line persisted and continued to rule Rus' principalities.

Rulers of Kievan Rus' held the titles Kniaz and later Velikiy Kniaz, traditionally translated as Grand Prince or Grand Duke.[3]


Ηγεμόνες ΡωσσίαςEdit

Rulers of Kiev and Kievan Rus (860?-1246)Edit

Rurik Dynasty (Pagan rulers)Edit

Portrait Name Born - Died Ruled From Ruled Until
Άσκολδος Askold and Dir, were rulers of Kiev, not Kievan Rus  ? - 882 860 882
Όληγος Oleg of Novgorod, the first ruler of Kievan Rus  ? - 912 882 912
Ιγώρ Α' Igor of Kiev  ? - 945 912 945
Όλγα Olga of Kiev (regent), was baptized by Emperor Constantine VII but failed to bring Christianity to Kiev  ? - 968 945 962
Σβιατόσλαος Α' (Sviatoslav I of Kiev), the first true ruler of Rus', he united all of the Rus' principalities under the Kiev throne 942 - 972 962 972
Ιερόπολκος Α' Yaropolk I of Kiev, supposedly was baptised into Christianity 958(960?) - 980 972 980

Rurik Dynasty (Christian rulers)Edit

Ελλην. Όνομα Name Born - Died Ruled From Ruled Until
Βλαδίμηρος Α' ο Μέγας Vladimir the Great, early rule is characterized by a staunch pagan reaction but in 988 he was baptized into Orthodoxy and successfully converted Kievan Rus to Christianity 958 - 15 July 1015 980 1015
Σβιατόπολκος Α' Sviatopolk the Accursed 980 - 1019 1015 1019
Ιερόσλαος Α' Yaroslav the Wise, Kievan Rus reached the pinnacle of its' power during his reign 978 - February 20, 1054 1019 1054
Ιζίασλαος Α' Iziaslav I of Kiev, first time 1024 - 3 October 1078 1054 1073
Βισέσλαος Vseslav of Kiev, was a brief ruler during Iziaslav's official reign 1039 - 1101 1068 1069
Σβιατόσλαος Β' Sviatoslav II of Kiev (on picture, first form right) 1027 - December 27, 1076 1073 1076
Ιζίασλαος Α' Iziaslav I of Kiev, second time 1024 - 3 October 1078 1076 1078
Βισεβόλδος Α' Vsevolod I of Kiev 1030 - 13 April 1093 1078 1093
Σβιατόπολκος Β' Sviatopolk II of Kiev 1050 - April 16, 1113 1093 1113
Βλαδίμηρος Β' [[Vladimir II Monomakh), was the last true ruler of the united Kievan Rus 1053 - May 19, 1125 1113 1125
Μιστίσλαος Α', during his reign Kievan Rus fell into recession starting a rapid decline June 1, 1076, Turiv – April 14, 1132, Kiev 1125 1132

Rurik Dynasty (during the decline of Kiev Rus) (including some princes of Galicia-Volhynia)Edit

During this time the territory of Ukraine was conquered by various princes of the desintegrating Kievan Rus pricipalities.


Grand Princes of Vladimir-Suzdal (to 1238)Edit

Rus' Grand Princes (of Vladimir) under the Horde (1238-1380)Edit

Honor of leadership the Rus' delegated in theory and practice by Khan at Sarai


Grand Princes of Moscow (1283–1547)Edit

Honour monopolized by rulers of Moscow principality, but see also Grand Prince (of Lithuania)

Rurik DynastyEdit

Monarch Portrait Birth Marriage(s) Became Prince Died (ceased to be Prince)
Daniel Δανιήλ 1261
son of Alexander Nevsky
Maria
6 children
1283 4 March 1303
Yuriy Γεώργιος 1281
son of Prince Daniel and Maria
Konchaka (sister of Uzbeg Khan)
no children
4 March 1303 21 November 1325
Ivan I Kalita (the Moneybag) Ιωάννης Α' 1288
son of Prince Daniel and Maria
Helena
9 children
21 November 1325 31 March 1340
Simeon the Proud Συμεών 7 November 1316
son of Prince Ivan I and Helena
Anastasia of Lithuania
no children

Euphraxia of Smolensk
no children

Maria of Tver
4 sons (died young)
31 March 1340 27 April 1353
Ivan II Ιωάννης Β' 30 March 1326
son of Prince Ivan I and Helena
Fedosia Dmitrievna of Bryansk
no children

Alexandra Ivanovna Velyaminova
4 children
27 April 1353 13 November 1359
Dmitry I of the Don Δημήτριος Β' 12 October 1350
son of Prince Ivan II and Alexandra Ivanovna
Eudoxia Dmitrievna of Nizhny Novgorod
12 children
13 November 1359 19 May 1389
Vasiliy I Βασίλειος Α' 30 December 1371
son of Prince Dmitry I and Eudoxia Dmitrievna
Sophia of Lithuania
9 children
19 May 1389 27 February 1425
Vasiliy II Tyomniy (the Blind) Βασίλειος Β' 10 March 1415
son of Prince Vasiliy I and Sophia of Lithuania
Maria Yaroslavna of Borovsk
3 children
27 February 1425 27 March 1462
Ivan III the Great Ιωάννης Γ' 22 January 1440
son of Prince Vasiliy II and Maria Yaroslavna
Maria Borisovna of Tver
one son

Sophia Palaiologina
8 children
5 April 1462 6 November 1505
Vasiliy III Βασίλειος Γ' 25 March 1479
son of Prince Ivan III and Sophie Palaiologina
Solomonia Yuryevna Saburova
no children

Elana Vasilyevna Glinskaya
2 sons
6 November 1505 13 December 1533
Ivan IV the Terrible Ιωάννης Δ' 25 August 1530
son of Prince Vasili III and Elena Glinskaya
unmarried as Prince 13 December 1533 28 March 1584 (title of Grand
Prince replaced by Tsar on
26 January 1547)



Tsars of Russia (1547–1721)Edit

Rurik DynastyEdit

Monarch Portrait Born Marriage(s) Became Tsar Died (ceased to be Tsar)
Ivan IV the Terrible Ιωάννης Δ' 25 August 1530
son of Prince Vasili III and Elena Glinskaya
Anastasia Romanovna Zakharyina-Yurieva
6 children

Maria Temryukovna
one son (died young)

Marfa Vasilevna Sobakina

Anna Alexeievna Koltovskaya

Anna Vasilchikova

Vasilisa Melentyeva

Maria Dolgorukaya

Maria Feodorovna Nagaya
one son
26 January 1547 28 March 1584
Feodor I Θεόδωρος Α' 31 May 1557 Irina Feodorovna Godunova
one daughter (died young)
28 March 1584 17 January 1598

Time of Troubles (1598–1613)Edit

Dates are listed in the Old Style, which continued to be used in Russia.
Monarch Portrait Family Born Marriage Became Tsar Ceased to be Tsar Died
Boris Godunov Βόρις Godunov c.1551
son of Feodor Ivanovich Godunov and Stepanida
Maria Grigorievna Skuratova-Belskaya
2 children
21 February 1598 13 April 1605
Feodor II Θεόδωρος Β' Godunov 1589
son of Tsar Boris and Maria Grigorievna
unmarried 13 April 1605 1 June 1605
Dmitry II
known as
False Dmitry I
Δημήτριος Β' usurper (claimed to be of the Rurik dynasty) c. 1581 Marina Mniszech
no children
1 June 1605 17 May 1606 27 May 1606
Vasiliy IV Βασίλειος Δ' Shuysky (a branch of the Rurik dynasty) 22 September 1552 unmarried 19 May 1606 27 July 1610 12 September 1612
Dmitry III
known as
False Dmitry II
Δημήτριος Γ' usurper (claimed to be of the Rurik dynasty) c. 1582 Marina Mniszech
one son (posthumous)
10 July 1607 11 December 1610 21 December 1610
Dmitry IV
known as
False Dmitry III
Δημήτριος Δ' usurper (claimed to be of the Rurik dynasty) unknown unknown 28 March 1611 18 May 1612 c. 1612

Council of Seven Boyars (27 July 1610 – 4 November 1612)Edit

The Seven Boyars (the Boyar Duma), a group of the highest Russian nobles, deposed the tsar Vasily IV on Πρότυπο:OldStyleDate, and recognized the Polish prince Władysław IV Vasa as the new tsar on Πρότυπο:OldStyleDate.[4][5] The Poles entered Moscow on Πρότυπο:OldStyleDate:

  • Prince Fedor Puto Ivanovich Mstislavsky (the leader of the group)
  • Prince Andrey Vasilyevich Troubetskoy
  • Prince Boris Mikhailovich Lykov-Obolensky
  • Prince Ivan Mikhailovich Vorotynsky (to March 1611)
  • Prince Vasily Vasilyevich Golitsyn (to 8 April 1611)
  • Boyar Ivan Nikitich Romanov
  • Boyar Fedor Ivanovich Sheremetev

Later, the members of the council were also:

  • Mikhail Fedorovich Nagoy (from March 1611)
  • Ivan Semenovich Kurakin (from 8 April 1611)

The Deeds of the Seven Boyars had existed until the Poles were driven from Moscow on Πρότυπο:OldStyleDate.

House of VasaEdit

Monarch Portrait Born Marriage Became Tsar Ceased to be Tsar Died
Vladislaus Λαδίσλαος 9 June 1595, Łobzów, near Kraków, Poland Cecilia Renata of Austria
no children

Marie Louise Gonzaga
no children
6 September 1610 4 November 1612 (deposed)
14 June 1634 (resigned his claim)
20 May 1648

Merkinė, Lithuania

Council of All the Land (17 April 1611 – 26 July 1613)Edit

(In opposition to the Poles and Władysław IV Vasa):

House of RomanovEdit

Monarch Portrait Birth Marriages Tsar From Tsar Until Death
Michael I Μιχαήλ Α' 12 July 1596
Moscow
son of Feodor Nikitich Romanov and Kseniya Ioannovna Shestova
Maria Vladimirovna Dolgorukova
1624
one stillborn child

Eudoxia Lukyanovna Streshneva
5 February 1626
ten children
26 July 161314 July 1645 14 July 1645
Moscow
aged 49
Alexis IΑλέξιος 9 May 1629
Moscow
son of Tsar Michael I and Eudoxia Lukyanova Streshneva
Maria Ilyinichna Miloslavskaya
17 January 1648
13 children

Natalia Kirillovna Naryshkina
1 February 1671
3 children
14 July 164529 January 1676 29 January 1676
Moscow
aged 46
Feodor III Θεόδωρος Γ' 9 June 1661
Moscow
son of Tsar Alexis I and Maria Ilyinichna Miloslavskaya
Agaphia Simeonovna Grushevskaya
28 July 1680
one son

Marfa Matveievna Apraksina
24 February 1682
no children
29 January 16767 May 1682 7 May 1682
Moscow
aged 20
Peter I the Great
jointly with Ivan V 1682-1696
Πέτρος Α' 9 June 1672
Moscow
son of Tsar Alexis I and Natalia Kirillovna Naryshkina
Eudoxia Feodorovna Lopukhina
1689
3 children

Marta Helena Skowrońska
1707
9 children
7 May 16822 November 1721 8 February 1725
aged 52
Ivan V
jointly with Peter I
Ιωάννης Ε' 6 September 1666
Moscow
son of Tsar Alexis I and Maria Ilyinichina Miloslavskaya
Praskovia Feodorovna Saltykova
1684
5 daughters
2 June 16828 February 1696 8 February 1696
aged 29

Grand Princes of Vladimir-Moscow (1380-1547)Edit

Honor monopolized by rulers of Moscow principality, but see also Grand Prince (of Lithuania)


Rurik DynastyEdit

Tsars of Russia (1547-1721)Edit

Rurik DynastyEdit

Portrait Name Born - Died Tsar From Tsar Until
Ιωάννης Α' Ivan IV (the Terrible) 1530 - 1584 26 January 1547 28 March 1584
Θεόδωρος Α' Feodor I 1557 - 1598 28 March 1584 17 January 1598

Time of Troubles (1598 - 1613)Edit

Godunov DynastyEdit

Ελλην. Όνομα Name Born - Died Tsar From Tsar Until
Βόρις Boris Godunov 1550/ c. 1551 - 1605 3 March 1598 23 April 1605
Θεόδωρος Β' Feodor II of Russia 1589 - 1605 23 April 1605 11 June 1605

UsurperEdit

Portrait Name Born - Died Tsar From Tsar Until
Δημήτριος False Dmitri I 1581 - 1606 30 June 1605 27 May 1606

Shuisky DynastyEdit

Ελλην. Όνομα Name Born - Died Tsar From Tsar Until
Βασίλειος Vasili Shuisky IV 1552 - 1612 27 May 1606 27 July 1610

Council of Seven Boyars (27 July 1610 - 4 November 1612)Edit

(From 6 September 1610 for absent Władysław IV Vasa):

Council of All the Land (17 April 1611 - 26 July 1613)Edit

(In opposition to the Poles and Władysław IV Vasa):

Romanov DynastyEdit

Ελλην. Όνομα Name Born - Died Tsar From Tsar Until
Μιχαήλ Α' Michael I 1596 - 1645 21 July 1613 23 July 1645
Αλέξιος Aleksey I 1629 - 1676 23 July 1645 7 February 1676
Θεόδωρος Γ' Feodor III 1661 - 1682 7 February 1676 7 May 1682
Πέτρος Α' Peter I (Peter the Great) 1672 - 1725 7 May 1682 (joint ruler with Ivan V until 1696) ( 1682-1689: Regency of Sophia Alekseyevna) 2 November 1721 (proclaimed Emperor of All Russia)
Ιωάννης Β' (Ivan V) (joint ruler with Peter I) 1666 - 1696 2 June 1682 8 February 1696

Emperors of Russia (1721–1917)Edit

(Also Grand Dukes of Finland from 1809 until 1917; and Kings of Poland from 1815 until 1916)

The monarchs listed below reigned with absolute power until 1905, and then with executive and administrative powers from 1905-1917.

House of RomanovEdit

Monarch Portrait Birth Marriages Emperor From Emperor Until Death
Peter I the Great Πέτρος Α' 9 June 1672
Moscow
son of Tsar Alexei and Natalia Kirillovna Naryshkina
Eudoxia Feodorovna Lopukhina
1689
3 children

Marta Helena Skowrońska
1707
9 children
16828 February 1725 8 February 1725
aged 52
Catherine I Αικατερίνη Α' 15 April 1684
Ringon, Duchy of Livonia
daughter of Samuel Skowroński and Elisabeth Moritz
Peter I of Russia
1707
9 children
8 February 172517 May 172717 May 1727
Saint Petersburg
aged 43
Peter II Πέτρος Β' 23 October 1715
Saint Petersburg
son of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich and Princess Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
unmarried 18 May 172730 January 173030 January 1730
Moscow
aged 14
Anna Άννα 7 February 1693
Moscow
daughter of Tsar Ivan V and Praskovia Feodorovna Saltykova
Frederick Wilhelm, Duke of Courland
November 1710
no children
13 February 173028 October 174028 October 1740
aged 47
Ivan VI Ιωάννης Ε' 23 August 1740
Saint Petersburg
son of Duke Anthony Ulrich of Brunswick and Grand Duchess Anna Leopoldovna of Russia
unmarried 28 October 17406 December 1741 16 July 1764
Shlisselburg (murdered)
aged 23
Elizabeth Ελισαβέττα 29 December 1709
Kolomenskoye
daughter of Emperor Peter I and Empress Catherine I
Alexey Razumovsky
1742
no children
6 December 17415 January 1762 5 January 1762
aged 52
Peter III Πέτρος Γ' 21 February 1728
Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein
son of Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna
Princess Sophie Friederike Auguste of Anhalt-Zerbst
16 August 1745
one son
5 January 17629 July 1762 17 July 1762 (murdered)
Ropsha
aged 34
Catherine II the Great Αικατερίνη Β' 2 May 1729
Stettin, Kingdom of Prussia, Holy Roman Empire
daughter of Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst and Princess Johanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp
Peter III of Russia
16 August 1745
one son
9 July 17626 November 17966 November 1796
Saint Petersburg
aged 67
Paul I Παύλος Α' 1 October 1754
Saint Petersburg
son of Emperor Peter III and Empress Catherine II
Princess Wilhelmina Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
29 September 1773
one stillborn daughter

Princess Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg
26 September 1776
ten children
17 November 1796 11 March 1801 11 March 1801 (assassinated)
Saint Michael's Castle, Saint Petersburg
aged 46
Alexander I the Blessed Αλέξανδρος Α' 23 December 1777
Saint Petersburg
son of Emperor Paul I and Maria Feodorovna (Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg)
Princess Louise of Baden
28 September 1793
2 daughters
24 March 18011 December 18251 December 1825
Taganrog
aged 47
Constantine I (disputed) Κωνσταντίνος 27 April 1779
Tsarskoye Selo
son of Emperor Paul I and Maria Feodorovna (Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg)
Princess Juliane of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
26 February
no children
1 December 182526 December 1825 27 June 1831
Vitebsk
aged 52
Nicholas I Νικόλαος Α' 6 July 1796
Gatchina
son of Emperor Paul I and Maria Feodorovna (Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg)
Princess Charlotte of Prussia
13 July 1817
7 children
26 December 18252 March 18552 March 1855
Saint Petersburg
aged 58
Alexander II the Liberator Αλέξανδρος Γ' 29 April 1818
Moscow
son of Emperor Nicholas I and Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia)
Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine
16 April 1841
8 children
2 March 185513 March 188113 March 1881 (assassinated)
Saint Petersburg
aged 62
Alexander III the Peace-Maker Αλέξανδρος Γ' 10 March 1845
Saint Petersburg
son of Emperor Alexander II and Maria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse)
Princess Dagmar of Denmark
9 November 1866
6 children
13 March 18811 November 1894 1 November 1894
Livadiya, Crimea
aged 49
Nicholas II Νικόλαος Β' 6 May 1868
Tsarskoye Selo
son of Emperor Alexander III and Maria Feodorovna (Dagmar of Denmark)
Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine
26 November 1894
5 children
1 November 189415 March 1917 17 July 1918 (murdered)
Yekaterinburg, Russian SFSR
aged 50
Michael II (disputed) Μιχαήλ Β' 22 November 1878
Tsarskoye Selo
son of Emperor Alexander III and Maria Feodorovna (Dagmar of Denmark)
Natalia Brassova
15 October 1911
one son (born before his parents' marriage)
15 March 191716 March 1917 12 June 1918 (murdered)
Perm, Russian SFSR
aged 39

Emperors of Russia (1721 - 1917)Edit

(Also Grand Dukes of Finland from 1809 until 1917; and Kings of Poland from 1815 until 1916)


Romanov DynastyEdit

Ελλην. Όνομα Name Born - Died Emperor From Emperor Until
Πέτρος Α' Peter I (the Great) 1672 - 1725 2 November 1721 8 February 1725
Αικατερίνη Α' Catherine I 1684 - 1727 8 February 1725 17 May 1727
Πέτρος Β' Peter II 1715 - 1730 18 May 1727 30 January 1730
Άννα Anna 1693 - 1740 13 February 1730 28 October 1740
Ιωάννης Γ' Ivan VI 1740 - 1764 28 October 1740 6 December 1741
Ελισαβέττα Elizabeth 1709 - 1762 6 December 1741 5 January 1762
Πέτρος Γ' Peter III 1728 - 1762 5 January 1762 9 July 1762(murdered)
Αικατερίνη Β' Catherine II (the Great) 1729 - 1796 9 July 1762 17 November 1796
Παύλος Paul I 1754 - 1801 17 November 1796 23 March/24 March 1801 (assassinated)
Αλέξανδρος Α' Alexander I (the Blessed) 1777 - 1825 24 March 1801 1 December 1825
Κωνσταντίνος Constantine I 1779 - 1831 1 December 1825 26 December 1825 (abdicated)
Νικόλαος Α' Nicholas I 1796 - 1855 26 December 1825 2 March 1855
Αλέξανδρος Β' Alexander II (the Liberator) 1818 - 1881 2 March 1855 13 March 1881 (assassinated)
Αλέξανδρος Γ' Alexander III (the Peace-maker) 1845 - 1894 13 March 1881 1 November 1894
Νικόλαος Β' Nicholas II ο Ύστατος 1868 - 1918 1 November 1894 15 March 1917 (abdicated)
Μιχαήλ Β' Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia (was named by Nicholas II as his successor, but formally rejected the crown; he is sometimes referred to as "Michael II", but this has no historical basis) 1878 - 1918 15 March 1917 16 March 1917 (rejected offer of crown)

Εσωτερική ΑρθρογραφίαEdit

ΒιβλιογραφίαEdit

ΙστογραφίαEdit


Ikl.jpg Κίνδυνοι ΧρήσηςIkl.jpg

Αν και θα βρείτε εξακριβωμένες πληροφορίες
σε αυτήν την εγκυκλοπαίδεια
ωστόσο, παρακαλούμε να λάβετε σοβαρά υπ' όψη ότι
η "Sciencepedia" δεν μπορεί να εγγυηθεί, από καμιά άποψη,
την εγκυρότητα των πληροφοριών που περιλαμβάνει.

"Οι πληροφορίες αυτές μπορεί πρόσφατα
να έχουν αλλοιωθεί, βανδαλισθεί ή μεταβληθεί από κάποιο άτομο,
η άποψη του οποίου δεν συνάδει με το "επίπεδο γνώσης"
του ιδιαίτερου γνωστικού τομέα που σας ενδιαφέρει."

Πρέπει να λάβετε υπ' όψη ότι
όλα τα άρθρα μπορεί να είναι ακριβή, γενικώς,
και για μακρά χρονική περίοδο,
αλλά να υποστούν κάποιο βανδαλισμό ή ακατάλληλη επεξεργασία,
ελάχιστο χρονικό διάστημα, πριν τα δείτε.



Επίσης,
Οι διάφοροι "Εξωτερικοί Σύνδεσμοι (Links)"
(όχι μόνον, της Sciencepedia
αλλά και κάθε διαδικτυακού ιστότοπου (ή αλλιώς site)),
αν και άκρως απαραίτητοι,
είναι αδύνατον να ελεγχθούν
(λόγω της ρευστής φύσης του Web),
και επομένως είναι ενδεχόμενο να οδηγήσουν
σε παραπλανητικό, κακόβουλο ή άσεμνο περιεχόμενο.
Ο αναγνώστης πρέπει να είναι
εξαιρετικά προσεκτικός όταν τους χρησιμοποιεί.

- Μην κάνετε χρήση του περιεχομένου της παρούσας εγκυκλοπαίδειας
αν διαφωνείτε με όσα αναγράφονται σε αυτήν

IonnKorr-System-00-goog.png



>>Διαμαρτυρία προς την wikia<<

- Όχι, στις διαφημίσεις που περιέχουν απαράδεκτο περιεχόμενο (άσεμνες εικόνες, ροζ αγγελίες κλπ.)



Σφάλμα αναφοράς: Υπάρχουν ετικέτες <ref>, αλλά καμία ετικέτα <references/> δεν βρέθηκε.

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