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| της Αιγύπτου
|19η Δυναστεία XIX|
Θεωρητικά επί της βασιλείας του άρχισε ο Τρωικός Πόλεμος (1205 - 1195 π.Χ.)
Merneptah had to carry out several military campaigns during his reign,
- in year 5 he fought against the Libyans, who (with the assistance of the Sea Peoples) were threatening Egypt from the West. Merneptah led a victorious six-hour battle against a combined Libyan and Sea People force at the city of Per-ire, probably located on the western edge of the Delta. His account of this campaign against the Sea Peoples and Libu is described in prose on a wall beside the sixth pylon at Karnak, which states:
Later in the inscription Merneptah receives news of the attack:
- "... the third season, saying: 'The wretched, fallen chief of Libya, Meryre, son of Ded, has fallen upon the country of Tehenu with his bowmen--Sherden, Shekelesh, Ekwesh, Lukka, Teresh. Taking the best of every warrior and every man of war of his country. He has brought his wife and his children--leaders of the camp, and he has reached the western boundary in the fields of Perire.'"
In the Athribis Stele, in the garden of Cairo Museum, it states
- "His majesty was enraged at their report, like a lion""",
assembled his court and gave a rousing speech.
Later he dreamed he saw Ptah handing him a sword and saying
- "Take thou (it) and banish thou the fearful heart from thee."
When the bowmen went forth, says the inscription,
-"Amun was with them as a shield."
After six hours the surviving "Nine Bows" threw down their weapons, abandoned their baggage and dependents, and ran for their lives.
Merneptah states that he defeated the invasion, killing 6,000 soldiers and taking 9,000 prisoners.
To be sure of the numbers, among other things, he took the penises of all uncircumcised enemy dead and the hands of all the circumcised, from which history learns that the Ekwesh were circumcised, a fact causing some to doubt they were Greek.
There is also an account of the same events in the form of a poem from the Merneptah Stele, widely known as the Israel Stele, which makes reference to the supposed utter destruction of Israel in a campaign prior to his 5th year in Canaan: "Israel has been wiped out...its seed is no more."
This is the first recognised ancient Egyptian record of the existence of Israel--"not as a country or city, but as a tribe" or people.
Αν και θα βρείτε εξακριβωμένες πληροφορίες
"Οι πληροφορίες αυτές μπορεί πρόσφατα
Πρέπει να λάβετε υπ' όψη ότι
- Μην κάνετε χρήση του περιεχομένου της παρούσας εγκυκλοπαίδειας
αν διαφωνείτε με όσα αναγράφονται σε αυτήν
- Όχι, στις διαφημίσεις που περιέχουν απαράδεκτο περιεχόμενο (άσεμνες εικόνες, ροζ αγγελίες κλπ.)