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Τάνταλος Β' ο Ασθενής
Tudhaliya, Τουντχαλίγια, Τουδχαλίγια
| της Χαττίας
Tudhalija succeeded his father, the Great King Arnuwanda I, on the throne.
During his reign, which fell Kaska repeated in Hittite territory.
This attracted others until after Nenassa, south of Maraššanta (Halys) and looted the capital while Hattusa, whereupon the court to the further east Samuha moved. (The destruction of capital is neither archaeological evidence nor mentioned in contemporary reports).
Tudhalija, already exhausted by illness made, supported by his son Suppiluliuma I that allegedly served him for 20 years as a military leader, several campaigns northwards, but obtained no long-term success.
Azzi-Hajaša, east or Nodostanatolien located, again relied on the Hittite heartland.
During the second campaign, the Tuthalija it took some, finally succeeded in subduing Azzi-Hajaša.
At the same time offered Amenhotep III. king of Arzawa the hand of his daughter in order to bind them closer.
During the reign Tuthallija was Kizzuwatna integral part of the Hittite Empire, and was not, as yet, vassal.
Before his death, the King of the nobility by his son oath Tudhalija III recognize as his successor.
Even his brother Suppiluliuma I contributed this oath.
Tudhaliya II was a king of the Hittite empire (New kingdom) ca. 1360? – 1344 BC (short chronology). His mother was Ashmu-nikal.
The Hittite empire suffered serious losses of territory during Tudhaliya's reign, with even the capital itself being burnt down.
But, under the able guidance of Tudhaliya's son, the future Suppiluliuma I, the Hittites began to make a recovery while Tudhaliya reigned.
The proper numbering of the Hittite rulers who bore the name Tudhaliya is problematic.
(There was a Hattian era figure who bore the name Tudhaliya who may or may not have ruled as king. Other reconstructions insert a Tudhaliya directly after Muwatalli I, but before the more famous ruler frequently credited with founding the Empire. The Tudhaliya discussed in this article will be generally found as either "the second" or "the third").
- Trevor Bryce, "Life and Society in the Hittite World," Oxford (2002).
- Trevor Bryce, The Kingdom of the Hittites, Oxford (1999).
- C. W. Ceram, The Secret of the Hittites: The Discovery of an Ancient Empire. Phoenix Press (2001), ISBN 1842122959.
- J. G. Macqueen, The Hittites, and Their Contemporaries in Asia Minor, revised and enlarged, Ancient Peoples and Places series (ed. G. Daniel), Thames and Hudson (1986), ISBN 0-500-02108-2.
- McMahon, G., Hittite History, Biblical Archaeologist 52 (1989), 62 - 77
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