Τα σημαντικότερα ιστορικά γεγονότα της βασιλείας του είναι:
He obtained a right to the throne through a marriage with his half-sister Hatshepsut.
He was repelling revolts in Nubia, campaigned in Asia.
Upon Thutmose's coronation, Nubia rebelled against Egyptian rule. According to the tomb autobiography of Ahmose, son of Ebana, Thutmose travelled down the Nile and fought in the battle, personally killing the Nubian king. Upon victory, he had the Nubian king's body hung from the prow of his ship, before he returned to Thebes.
After that campaign, he led a second expedition against Nubia in his third year in the course of which he ordered the canal at the First Cataract (which had been built under Sesostris III of the 12th Dynasty) to be dredged in order to facilitate easier travel upstream from Egypt to Nubia. This helped integrate Nubia into the Egyptian empire. This expedition is mentioned in two separate inscriptions by the king's son Thure.
Year 3, first month of the third season, day 22, under the majesty of the King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Aakheperre who is given life. His Majesty commanded to dig this canal after he found it stopped up with stones [so that] no [ship sailed upon it]; Year 3, first month of the third season, day 22. His Majesty sailed this canal in victory and in the power of his return from overthrowing the wretched Kush.
In the second year of Thutmose's reign, the king cut a stele at Tombos, which records that he built a fortress at Tombos, near the Third Cataract, thus permanently extending the Egyptian military presence, which had previously stopped at Buhen, at the second cataract.
This indicates that he, already, fought a campaign in Syria; hence, his Syrian campaign may be placed at the beginning of his second regnal year.
This second campaign was the farthest north any Egyptian ruler had ever campaigned. Although it has not been found in modern times, he apparently set up a stele when he crossed the Euphrates River. During this campaign, the Syrian princes declared allegiance to Thutmose.
However, after he returned, they discontinued tribute and began fortifying against future incursions.
Thutmose celebrated his victories with an elephant hunt in the area of Niy, near Apamea in Syria, and returned to Egypt with strange tales of the Euphrates, "that inverted water which flows upstream when it ought to be flowing downstream."
The Euphrates was the first major river which the Egyptians had ever encountered which flowed from the North, which was downstream on the Nile, to the south, which was upstream on the Nile. Thus the river became known in Egypt as simply, "inverted water."
Thutmose had to face one more military threat, another rebellion by Nubia in his fourth year.
His influence accordingly expanded even farther south, as an inscription dated to his reign has been found as far south as Kurgus, which was south of the Fourth Cataract.
During his reign, he initiated a number of projects which effectively ended Nubian independence for the next 500 years.
He enlarged a temple to Sesostris III and Khnum, opposite the Nile from Semna.
There are also records of specific religious rites which the viceroy of El-Kab was to have performed in the temples in Nubia in proxy for the king.
He also appointed a man called Turi to the position of viceroy of Cush, also known as the "King's Son of Cush."
With a civilian representative of the king permanently established in Nubia itself, Nubia did not dare to revolt as often as it had and was easily controlled by future Egyptian kings.
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